WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.


Digital Connectivity & E-Commerce

Overview of Financing Flows and Examples of Aid for Trade Support

Digital networks are an increasingly critical component of global trade. In 2017, the Global Review of Aid for Trade highlighted the importance of accessible and affordable connections for trade connectivity. Drawing extensively on information harvested in the Monitoring and Evaluation exercise in preparation for the Review, this paper analyses aid for trade for digital connectivity and e-commerce.


Keywords: ICT connectivity, e-commerce, digital connectivity, aid for trade
JEL: P33: Economic Systems / Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions / Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions: International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid; F35: International Economics / International Finance / Foreign Aid; L81: Industrial Organization / Industry Studies: Services / Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce; P45: Economic Systems / Other Economic Systems / Other Economic Systems: International Trade, Finance, Investment and Aid; O33: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
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