WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.


International health worker mobility and trade in services

Despite its substantial and increasing importance to health systems and inclusive economic growth, the relationship between international trade in services and health worker mobility has been largely unexplored. However, international health worker mobility and trade in services have both been increasing rapidly, and at a growing pace in recent years.


Keywords: Trade in services, Health services, Health worker, Worker mobility
JEL: F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations; F22: International Economics / International Factor Movements and International Business / International Migration; I11: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Analysis of Health Care Markets; F66: International Economics / Economic Impacts of Globalization / Economic Impacts of Globalization: Labor; F16: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Labor Market Interactions; J61: Labor and Demographic Economics / Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers / Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
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