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WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.

English

Product Patents and Access to Innovative Medicines in a Post-TRIPS era

This WTO working paper studies availability and affordability of new and innovative pharmaceuticals in a post-TRIPS era. The WTO’s TRIPS Agreement (TRIPS) makes it obligatory for WTO members– except least-developed country members (LDCs) - to provide pharmaceutical product patents with a 20-year protection term. Developing country members, other than LDCs, were meant to be compliant with this provision of TRIPS by 2005.

English

Keywords: ntellectual property rights, developing countries, differential pricing, pharmaceuticals, TRIPS, pharmaceutical prices, patents
JEL: O34: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital; F19: International Economics / Trade / Trade: Other; I19: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Health: Other; I11: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Analysis of Health Care Markets
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