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WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.

English

The Shifting Contours of Trade in Knowledge

The New 'Trade-Related Aspects' of Intellectual Property

This paper charts the evolution and diversification of trade in knowledge that has taken place in the quarter-century since the WTO TRIPS Agreement came into force. Entirely new markets have come into being, potentially redefining the very character of 'trade'.

English

Keywords: TRIPS Agreement, intellectual property, digital trade, trade in knowledge
JEL: K33: Law and Economics / Other Substantive Areas of Law / International Law; O34: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital; I18: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health; K10: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Basic Areas of Law: General (Constitutional Law); O30: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights: General; F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
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