Trade and Environment at the WTO

image of Trade and Environment at the WTO

Developed to assist public understanding of the trade and environment debate in the WTO, this document briefly presents its history and focuses on trade and environment related issues within the Doha mandate, the effects of trade liberalization on the environment, the relationship between multilateral environmental agreements and the WTO, and a review of trade disputes involving environmental issues.



Brief history of the trade and environment debate

The trade and environment debate is not new. The link between trade and environmental protection, consisting of both the impact of environmental policies on trade, as well as the impact of trade on the environment, was recognized as early as 1970. In the early 1970s, there was growing international concern regarding the impact of economic growth on social development and the environment. This led to the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.


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