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The WTO in the Twenty-First Century

image of The WTO in the Twenty-First Century

Trois questions importantes seront déterminantes pour l'avenir de l'OMC: le règlement des différends, les négociations et l'intégration régionale. Le règlement des différends est généralement considéré comme l'un des succès majeurs de l'OMC durant ses dix premières années d'existence. La conclusion des négociations du Cycle de Doha est l'un de ses principaux défis. L'intégration régionale est désormais au premier plan du débat alors que les accords régionaux prolifèrent et que les décideurs et les universitaires prennent la mesure de leur incidence sur le système commercial multilatéral. Ces questions, et leur interaction, sont traitées par d'éminents spécialistes et professionnels du droit commercial international originaires d'Amérique du Nord, d'Europe et de la région Asie Pacifique. En outre, des sections spécifiques sont consacrées à la région Asie Pacifique, à sa participation au règlement des différends et aux négociations dans le cadre de l'OMC, et aux tendances récentes à une plus grande intégration régionale.AE1:AE10

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Arbitration as an alternative to litigation in the WTO: Observations in the light of the 2005 Banana Tariff Arbitrations

The 2005 Banana Tariff Arbitrations3 were arguably the most important arbitrations to have been conducted under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). These arbitrations examined issues of economic and political significance for the multiple complainants and third parties involved. They raised questions of substantive complexity entailing a workload comparable to litigation in WTO panel and Appellate Body proceedings. The Banana Tariff Arbitrations were however unique compared to previous cases litigated in the WTO. They were held outside the scope of normal WTO dispute settlement procedures set out in the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU) and, as such, were the first sui generis arbitrations held under the auspices of the WTO. Furthermore, they involved procedures and time-frames that differed significantly from cases previously litigated in the WTO and were completed extremely expeditiously in comparison. Arguably, as an alternative to litigation in the WTO, the Banana Tariff Arbitrations were a resounding success.

English

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