Terms and Conditions for the Use of WTO iLibrary

As of 10 December 2021

By accessing the WTO iLibrary and/or using any content found therein, You acknowledge that You have read and fully understood, and agree to be bound by, both sets of Terms and Conditions. The WTO reserves all rights not expressly granted.


“Authorised Users”—individuals affiliated with the Customer who are authorised to access WTO subscribed material, in particular

a) for Customers who are academic institutions and not-for-profit organisations; members of faculty or staff - whether permanent, temporary, contract, visiting or retired - or students, alumni or other persons permitted to use the Customer's library services

b) for all other institutional Customers: current members of staff, whether on a permanent, temporary or contract basis;

c) for individual Customers: the Customer alone.

“You” – a user of the WTO iLibrary.
“Customer” – the person or institution paying the WTO iLibrary Subscription Fee on behalf of Authorised Users.
“WTO” – the World Trade Organization, publisher and, unless otherwise indicated, the copyright holder of the WTO Subscribed Material.
“WTO Subscribed Material” – digital content including but not limited to data, publications and multimedia products (sound, image, software, etc.) accessible on the WTO iLibrary and for which the Customer has paid a Subscription Fee. It includes the back catalogue of relevant titles.
“WTO iLibrary” – an online service containing WTO Subscribed Material that benefits from additional formats, features and functionalities which are accessible subject to a Subscription Fee.
“Subscription Fee” - the amount payable by a Customer to access the advanced features and functionalities for WTO Subscribed Material on the WTO iLibrary.

Grant of Access to WTO iLibrary

In consideration of the requisite Subscription Fee and agreement to abide by these Terms and Conditions, the WTO grants the Customer a non-exclusive and non-transferable right to access the WTO iLibrary and display WTO Subscribed Material on its secure internal network for use by Authorised Users. Authorised Users may access the WTO Subscribed Material either on the Customer's premises or from a remote location. To find out more about the information the WTO collects when You or Authorised Users access the WTO iLibrary, and how the WTO handles the information required to enable access to the WTO iLibrary, please consult the WTO iLibrary's Privacy Policy.

Additional Rights Associated with Permitted use and Copy Restrictions

In addition to the rights already granted to all users, Authorised Users can incorporate WTO Subscribed Material in teaching materials and course packs for non-commercial purposes for distance learning, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and scholarly communication. Each time You cite a WTO publication, You must include suitable acknowledgment of the WTO as source and copyright owner.

If You would like to use content found on the WTO iLibrary for commercial purposes or any other use (e.g. translation rights), please contact [email protected]. Neither recovery of direct costs by the Customer from Authorised Users, nor use by the Customer or Authorised Users of WTO Subscribed Material in the course of non-commercial research funded by a commercial organisation is deemed to constitute commercial use.

Customers may make complete single electronic copy of WTO Subscribed Material for the purpose of maintenance of service and long-term archiving. Customers who are Academic and Not-For-Profit Organisations may transfer WTO Subscribed Material in the context of an electronic Inter-Library Loan, provided that such loans are non-commercial and non-recurring.

In addition, Authorised Users may use WTO Subscribed Material to perform and engage in text/data mining activities (TDM) by their own means for academic research and other educational purposes. The results of these activities can be mounted, loaded and integrated on a secure internal network and used in accordance with these Terms and Conditions. Authorised Users may not display or distribute any part of the WTO Subscribed Material on any electronic network, including the Internet. Authorised Users may, however, display or distribute WTO Subscribed Material via a secure internal network for the limited purposes described in these Terms and Conditions.

The WTO reserves the right to limit or suspend any IP address’s access to text/data mining activities at any time and without notice for any reason, including if the WTO determines that You are using or are attempting to use the text/data mining activities and/or the collected text/data in violation of these Terms and Conditions, in such a way as to harm the WTO or any other party, or if You are placing too great a strain on the infrastructure necessary for making the WTO Subscribed Material available to a reasonable number of people. You agree not to use any technical means to interfere with the WTO's monitoring of usage of the above-mentioned resources. The WTO reserves the right to use any technical means to overcome attempted technical interference with usage monitoring.

Subscription Fee

The Subscription Fee is due prior to the beginning of the subscription period. The Subscription Fee is exclusive of any sales, use, value-added or similar taxes, and the Customer shall be liable for any such taxes if applicable. The WTO reserves the right to modify, add, delete or cease updating titles to, from and in the WTO iLibrary. If deletions or terminations made during the Customer's current subscription period result in a 10% or more decrease to the WTO Subscribed Material (measured by page count for text and cell count for data), and if this decrease renders the WTO Subscribed Material substantially less useful, the Customer is entitled, upon request, to a proportional refund taking into account time elapsed, number of issues already available online and value of the title or titles within the Customer's overall subscription. A request for refund, in order to be considered, must be made prior to the end of the Customer's subscription period during which such modification to the WTO Subscribed Material occurred. In no case shall the WTO's liability exceed the annual Subscription Fee paid by the Customer at the time of the decrease.

Restrictions on Usage

Except as provided otherwise in these Terms and Conditions, the transmission of WTO Subscribed Material to any third party who is not an Authorised User, via any means including but not limited to the Internet, the World-Wide Web, or e-mail, is expressly forbidden. Commercial usage or redistribution is strictly prohibited. The Customer may provide concurrent access to the WTO iLibrary to multiple Authorised Users on a single site only, except in the case of Academic and Not-For-Profit Organisations with one or more campuses. Multi-site access for all other Customers via the Customer’s secure internal network may be subject to the payment of an additional fee – please contact the WTO at the address at the bottom of this page for more details. Walk-in users may access the WTO Subscribed Material only on the Customer's premises, including via a wireless secure internal network (Wi-Fi).

Transfer Restrictions

Access to WTO Subscribed Material is granted solely to the Customer and its Authorised Users and may not be transferred without prior written consent from the WTO. Any authorised transferee shall be bound by these Terms and Conditions and limited warranty. In no event may You transfer, assign, rent, lease, sell or otherwise dispose of WTO Subscribed Material on a temporary or permanent basis, except as provided otherwise in these Terms and Conditions.


Upon expiration of the subscription, the Customer will continue to have access, via the WTO iLibrary, to the WTO Subscribed Material published throughout the period for which the Customer has paid the corresponding Subscription Fee. However, the grant of access will automatically terminate if the Customer fails to comply with any provision of these Terms and Conditions. In that case, the Customer must cease distribution and use of the WTO Subscribed Material and destroy any backup copies.

Service Commitment

The WTO retains the right to modify the WTO iLibrary and WTO Subscribed Material on it at any time. However, the WTO shall use reasonable efforts to ensure that the content on the WTO iLibrary is available to the Customer and its Authorised Users on a 24-hour basis (except for routine maintenance) once the WTO has received the Subscription Fee, and that any interruption will be resolved as quickly as possible.


WTO Subscribed Material is supplied “as is” and the WTO therefore does not warrant, guarantee or make any representations, express or implied, regarding, but not limited to, the correctness, accuracy, reliability, currentness, merchantability, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise of the WTO Subscribed Material. Except as provided for under the section above entitled “Subscription Fee”, the WTO shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damages (including, without limitation, damages for loss of business profits, business interruption, or loss of business information) arising out of or related to the Customer’s and/or Authorised Users’ use or inability to use WTO Subscribed Material.

Territorial Disclaimers

Information contained on the WTO iLibrary does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the WTO Secretariat or its members concerning the legal status of any country or of its authorities. Its content, as well as any data and any maps displayed are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. The word "country" is sometimes used in this iLibrary to describe WTO members whereas a few members are officially "customs territories" and not necessarily countries in the usual sense of the word.

Preservation of Immunities

Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or a waiver of the privileges and immunities of the WTO or of any related body or entity, which are specifically reserved.


WTO Publications
Rue de Lausanne 154
CH-1211 Geneva 2

Email – [email protected]

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