Trade Policy Review: Trinidad and Tobago 2019

image of Trade Policy Review: Trinidad and Tobago 2019

“Trade Policy Reviews” analyse the trade policies and practices of each member of the WTO. The reviews consist of three parts: an independent report by the WTO Secretariat, a report by the government, and the concluding remarks by the Chair of the WTO’s Trade Policy Review Body. The opening section - “key trade facts” - provides a visual overview of the WTO member’s major exports/imports, main export destinations, origins for its imports and other key data. This edition looks into the trade practices of Trinidad and Tobago.



Report by the WTO Secretariat

Since its previous Trade Policy Review in 2012, the economy of Trinidad and Tobago has undergone three years of recession, due mainly to contractions in real economic activity in the energy sector (including oil and gas). During the period under review, real GDP growth averaged around –1% annually. Against this background, GDP per capita declined to around USD 16,000 in 2017, compared with around USD 19,000 in 2012. Government revenue, which is highly reliant on the petroleum sector, shrunk considerably, mirrored by an increase in the fiscal deficit and the net public sector debt. Nevertheless, during this period, unemployment remained relatively static, and inflation declined. The real effective exchange rate appreciated during the same period, due mainly to higher domestic prices compared with those in the country’s main trading partners.


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