World Trade Report 2014

Trade and Development: Recent Trends and the Role of the WTO

image of World Trade Report 2014

The World Trade Report 2014 looks at how four recent major economic trends have changed how developing countries can use trade to facilitate development: the economic rise of developing economies, the growing integration of global production through supply chains, the higher prices for agricultural goods and natural resources, and the increasing interdependence of the world economy. It also looks into what role the WTO can play.

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The world economy and trade in 2013 and early 2014

Growth in world merchandise trade remained subdued in 2013 at 2.2 per cent, nearly identical to the previous year’s increase of 2.3 per cent. The increases in both 2012 and 2013 were less than the 20-year average of 5.3 per cent in 1993–2013, and were also well below the 6.0 per cent average for the 20 years preceding the 2008–09 crisis. The volume of world merchandise trade continued to climb slowly in the opening months of 2014, with an increase of 2.1 per cent in the first quarter compared with the same period in 2013. The increase for the year as a whole is expected to be greater than in 2013 as the global economy picks up momentum.

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