WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.


Interplay Between Patents and Standards in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Sector and its Relevance to the Implementation of the WTO Agreements

The interplay between patents and standards in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector has been intensively debated at international, regional and national levels over the past decades. In essence, the debate is firstly about the extent and impact of patent holdup and holdout in the ICT sector, and then about how to eliminate or reduce these practices.


Keywords: patent holdout, standards, WTO TRIPS, injunctions, FRAND, WTO TBT, patent, standard setting organizations, royalties, patent holdup, competition
JEL: K11: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Property Law; K15: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Civil Law; Common Law; K30: Law and Economics / Other Substantive Areas of Law / Other Substantive Areas of Law: General; O34: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital; K13: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Tort Law and Product Liability; Forensic Economics
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