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WTO Working Papers

WTO working papers usually represent research in progress. Such research may be conducted in the preparation of WTO Secretariat reports, studies or other material for WTO members. The papers are circulated for comment because the WTO considers critical review of professional research to be extremely important.

English

Patent-Related Actions taken in WTO Members in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

COVID-19, caused by SARS-Cov-2, was declared to be a pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11 March 2020. Since then, the issue of the relationship between patent protection and the development of and access to medical treatments and technologies – a longstanding and enduringly important public policy issue – has become central to the debate on the linkages between IP, innovation, access, and public health between stakeholders with divergent interests.

English

Keywords: WTO, Exceptions and limitations, Patentable subject matter, Patent, Repurposed medicines, TRIPS, Open innovation, Government use, COVID-19 pandemic, Licences, LDCs, Transition periods
JEL: O31: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives; I18: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health; K30: Law and Economics / Other Substantive Areas of Law / Other Substantive Areas of Law: General; O34: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital; K11: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Property Law; K15: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Civil Law; Common Law; O30: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights: General
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